B12 is a vital nutrient that the body requires but cannot produce. It is also known as cobalamin. It is present in animal products but is added to some foodstuffs and you can also get it by injections and supplements like Vitamin B-12 Shots. In our body, vitamin B12 has multiple functions. It helps the nerve cells function normally and is essential for the production of red blood cells and synthesis. The recommended daily consumption to most adults (RDI) is 2.4 mcg but it is higher for pregnant or breastfeeding mothers. Vitamin B12 offers great benefits to your body, such as enhancing energy, memory improvements, and preventing heart disease.
Produce Red Blood Cells and Prevent Anemia
Vitamin B12 is vital for the production of red blood cells in our body. Low vitamin B12 leads to decreased Red blood cell formation and prevents them from producing properly. Usually, healthy red blood cells are tiny and round, although, in cases of vitamin B12, they are bigger and oval. This broader and unusual form means that red blood cells cannot migrate properly from the bone marrow into the bloodstream, causing megaloblastic anemia.
Prevent Major Birth Defects
Sufficient levels of vitamin B12 are critical for a healthy pregnancy. Studies indicate that the brain and nervous system of the fetus need enough B12 levels in the mother’s womb to develop properly. The deficiency of vitamin B12 can raise the risk of birth defects such as neural tube defects. Also, the deficiency in maternal vitamin B12 may lead to premature birth or miscarriage. One research showed that women with vitamin B12 levels below 250 mg/dL had three times higher chances of giving birth to a child with birth abnormalities than those with adequate levels.
Support Bone Health
The maintenance of sufficient B12 levels will improve the health of your bone. One trial in over 2,500 adults has shown that individuals with B12 vitamin deficiency have also a lower bone mineral density than average. Bones with a reduced mineral density over time may become sensitive and brittle, which increases osteoporosis risk.
Prevent Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is an eye disorder that affects the core vision in general. The maintenance of sufficient vitamin B12 will help to prevent the possibility of macular degeneration associated with age. Researchers think that vitamin B12 supplements with an amino acid in the bloodstream can reduce homocysteine. The increased risk of age-related macular degeneration was linked to higher homocysteine levels. An analysis of 5,000 women over the age of 40 has shown that vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin B6 will decrease this risk of macular degeneration.