Health

How to avoid a Kidney Infection?

A kidney infection is a significant medical condition that needs prompt treatment. Such infection mainly initiates as a bladder infection or a UTI (urinary tract infection). The infection then spread gradually to one or both kidneys. It is essential to treat kidney infections. Otherwise, it can lead to permanent kidney damage. It can also move to other parts of the body, causing more severe infection.

Kidney infections are mostly treated with antibiotics. So, if you are wondering what to avoid with a kidney infection, here we are to help you. You can also maintain your diet in such a manner that will improve your condition.

Here, we will explain to you about the best antibiotics, treatment without antibiotics, and your diet.

Kidneys are bean-shaped organs that carry out many essential functions. Such as:

  • Filtering blood
  • Remove waste materials out of body
  • Produce hormones
  • Balance minerals
  • Maintains fluid balance

What causes a kidney infection?

In most cases, kidney infections are occurred due to bacteria or viruses. These microorganisms enter your kidney through the urinary tract. The most common bacteria is E.coli.

Such bacteria are present in the intestine and can penetrate the urinary tract through the urethra. Here the bacteria multiplies and spreads to the bladder and kidneys.

Other less common causes are:

  1. When you have an infection somewhere else in your body, the bacteria can spread to the kidney from that location through blood.
  2. Bladder or Kidneys surgery
  3. Blockage of urine flow due to:
  • Tumor in the urinary tract
  • Kidney stone
  • Enlarged prostate in men
  • The obstruction in Urinary Tract

Symptoms of kidney infection:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Side, back, or groin pain
  • Blood or pus in the urine
  • Cloudy or smelly urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating
  • Strong, constant urge to urinate
  • Nausea and vomiting

If you are having any of the above signs, immediately consult the Urologists in Karachi

Treatment:

Antibiotics:

Antibiotics are the choice of drugs for kidney infection treatment. The type of drug and duration to use depends upon two things:

  • Your overall health
  • The type of bacteria causing infection (found through urine test)

In most cases, the signs and symptoms start to resolve within days of treatment. But the course of antibiotics should be completed over a week or longer. You have to complete the system even if you feel perfectly alright.

A urine test is repeated at the end of treatment to ensure the removal of the infection. Otherwise, you may need another course of antibiotics.

Best antibiotic for kidney infection:

  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Co-amoxiclav
  • Cefalexin
  • Trimethoprim

Pain killers:

The doctors also suggest some pain killers relieve pain and fever. Such as paracetamol. However, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen are not indicated for kidney infections.

Kidney infection treatment without antibiotics:

You can use some of the given home remedies for Kidney infection treatment without antibiotics.

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Take probiotics
  • Avoid coffee and alcohol
  • Drink parsley juice
  • Take vitamin C
  • Eat apples and drink their juice
  • Take non NSAIDs pain reliever such as acetaminophen
  • Tackle Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) bath
  • Apply heat

All of the above ideas are only when your condition is not bad. You should consult a specialist if you have more severe symptoms. You should ask the Urologists in Karachi to make sure before using any of the above remedies without antibiotics.

What foods help repair kidneys?

It is essential to adopt a kidney-friendly diet plan that reduces the amount of blood waste products. Here is the list of foods that help individuals with kidney problems.

  1. Cauliflower
  2. Egg whites
  3. Buckwheat
  4. Cabbage
  5. Blueberries
  6. Garlic
  7. Olive oil
  8. Red grapes
  9. Seabass
  10. Bulgur
  11. Bell peppers
  12. Macadamia nuts
  13. Radish
  14. Onions
  15. Turnips
  16. Arugula
  17. Skinless chicken
  18. Pineapple
  19. Shiitake mushrooms
  20. Cranberries

Foods bad for kidneys:

You should avoid the following food when you are on a renal diet.

  1. Avocados
  2. Dates, prunes, raisins
  3. Dark-colored soda
  4. Chips, crackers, pretzels
  5. Canned food
  6. Spinach, beet greens, swiss chard
  7. Brown rice
  8. Packaged, premade food
  9. Bananas
  10. Tomatoes
  11. Dairy
  12. All types of potatoes
  13. Oranges and their juice
  14. Pickles, olives
  15. Processed meat

Foods to avoid kidney disease and diabetes:

Diabetes and kidney problems are often linked. According to a study, one out of three diabetic patients is diagnosed with a kidney problem. Individuals with diabetes and kidney disease should check their sugar intake. And other minerals intake, such as sodium, phosphorus, and potassium.

Here is the list of foods to avoid with kidney disease and diabetes:

  1. Dark-colored soda
  2. Processed meat
  3. Fruits rich in potassium
  4. Beans and lentils
  5. Paced, instant r fast food
  6. Dried fruits
  7. Fruit juices
  8. Spinach
  9. Beet greens and certain leafy veggies
  10. Potatoes & Sweet potatoes

Kidney infection recovery time:

If the treatment starts immediately after the diagnosis in an individual, he will be better entirely after about two weeks. It may take longer for older people. And also in the people in whom there are some underlying conditions. If you didn’t notice any sign of improvement in your symptom within 24 hours of your treatment, contact your GP.

Signs of kidney infection when to go to the hospital:

You can book an appointment for evaluation in case of general UTI symptoms such as:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Painful or urgent urination
  • Foul-smelling, cloudy or bloody urine
  • Bladder or pelvic pressure

Some symptoms indicate a severe infection that requires immediate medical attention. You should immediately consult a specialist if you experience any of the following symptoms.

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Side or back pain
  • Nausea or vomiting

Kidney infection can result in many severe complications. If you have a terrible feeling and feel something is wrong, consult a doctor as soon as possible. If you are unable to find a specialist, you can visit Marham. Pk. Here you can make an instant appointment with one of the best Urologists in Karachi. You will never be disappointed by the services provided by the platform of Marham.

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